In the territory of Azerbaijan, including its integral part Nagorno-Karabakh, the Gregorianization and armenianization of the Alban population was a long historical process. This was carried out in several phases:
- Natives population of Karabakh (local) like the population of the other northern territories of Azerbaijan (Albania) was Albanian tribes;
- In some parts of Albania at the beginning of the IV century, as well as here Christianity was spread;
- During the period of occupation and domination of the Arab Caliphate in the Northern Azerbaijan in VII-IX centuries Islam spread in the country, but the Albanians living in the mountainous part of Karabakh kept Christianity;
- The Armenian-Gregorian missionaries migrated in the South Caucasus, using the favorable situation as a result of occupation by the Arab Caliphate, Gregorianization of the Christian-Albanian population of the Nagorno-Karabakh, and flowed by armenianization took a lot of time.
- The Christian population of the Nagorno-Karabakh in letter addressed to the Russian tsar Peter I named themselves as Alban. This proves that at the beginning of the XVIII century, they still did not consider themselves as Armenians;
- Russia’s intervention in the region, resettlement of Armenians from other countries in the South Caucasus, including Azerbaijan, served strengthening of the Armenian factor here. This policy has created a turning point in the historical fate of Gregorianized Albanians. Their armenianization stepped at the last stage;
- During the Russian-Iranian war (1804-1813, 1826-1828), during the Turkmenchay and the Russian-Turkish wars of 1828 (1806-1812, 1828-1829), in particular after the Treaty of Edirne in 1829, the resettlement of Armenians from Iran and Ottoman states in Karabakh together with other regions of North Azerbaijan had completed the Armenianization of Gregorianized Alban population. Albanian Catholicos system was abolished in 1836. Just then they can be called in fact as Armenian;
- Despite all this, the Nagorno-Karabakh Armenians have preserved their specificity from the Albanian roots among the total Armenian population.
After 30-es of the XIX century massive resettlement of Armenians in the northern Azerbaijani lands, including its historical territory of Karabakh was continued. Historical studies indicate that more than 1 million of Armenians out of 1.3 million in Transcaucasia resettled here later. However, in 1916, in Karabakh (within the borders of the Khanate) 51% of the population was Azerbaijanis, 46% of the Armenian (together with the local Albanian origin Armenians). The settlement of moved Armenians in the mountainous part of Karabakh became more extensive. This policy aimed to providing compact living of Armenians in one place and had a strategic purpose.
The strengthening of Armenians in the administrative-management control and increasing of their number mechanically by resettlement was carried out in parallel with the strengthening of their economic potential.
Thus, the tsar Russia had created favorable conditions for Armenians to mass resettlements in Azerbaijan, including Karabakh, and for their administrative and political, socio-economic and cultural development. Some time later the Armenians began to struggle for the realization of the idea of “Great Armenia” in the territory of Azerbaijan. One of the components of this idea was to destroy local population – Azerbaijanis in Karabakh, Yerevan, Nakhchivan and other Azerbaijan territories and to capture their lands. After failure of treacherous rebels of Armenians in the Ottoman state in the years of 1890 the center of this struggle moved to Northern Azerbaijan.
Since 1905, the Armenians committed mass genocide against the Azerbaijani people. The policy of genocide against Azerbaijanis committed by Armenians in Karabakh became more tragic. However, the massacres committed by Armenians in 1905-1906 did not satisfy and calm them. They using the historical situation caused by the First World War attempted to establish the mythical “Great Armenia”. After rebellions against the Ottoman state in 1915 failed, the Armenians focused their main forces in the Southern Caucasus and continued the genocide against the Azerbaijanis under the Tsarism’s support. Firstly, the overthrow of the government of the tsar (February 1917) and then capture of power in Russia by the Bolsheviks (October1917) in the conditions of anarchy in the Caucasus Dashnak-Bolshevik groups united with Armenian armed forces having a long history of service in Russian army began more terrible period of the genocide against the Azerbaijanis. A new mass genocide began in March 1918 in Baku and spread in all Azerbaijan had a very hard blow to the people. With the establishment of the People’s Republic of Azerbaijan a new era began in the history of Azerbaijan. Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan took some measures to prevent the plans of armed Armenian bands and Dashnak-Bolshevik regime for total annihilation of the people of Azerbaijan in the North Azerbaijan. However, the Armenians have always been insistent to carry out the genocide. Tragedies at the end of the XX century proved it once again.
Massacre of 1905-1907 years
In Russian empire defeated in Russian-Japanese war the national revolts, including national liberation movements had occurred. In order to prevent these two factors tsarist Russia began to implement a policy of the rising of Russian chauvinism and killing of nation by hand of others. It was decided to conduct thus policy first of all in the Caucasus. Armenians found the time and conditions to use such situation. Tsarist Russia armed secretly the Armenians and arranged the so-called in history “Armenian-Muslim fight” . The first clash between Armenians and Azerbaijanis began in Baku and then spread to Shusha, Zangezur, Yerevan, Tbilisi, Nakhchivan, Ordubad Echmiadzin, Javanshir, Kazakh provinces.
Since the beginning of the XX century, the “Armenian case” turned to be a powder barrel eady to explode in the South Caucasus.
The number of Turks villages in the Caucasus in 1905 was 5,910. Existing of 860 Moslem- Turk villages in Erivan province, 1,173 villages in Yelizavetpol province, 1,111 villages in Baku province caused a great anxiety at Armenian chauvinists. In general, there were 54 provinces in the South Caucasus at the beginning of the XX century. Armenians dominated only in five of them. Therefore, the Armenian armed forces attacked the villages where Azerbaijanis lived, killed the people, forced to remove and so made attempts to achieve the superiority, so to become able in the future to establish Autonomy, to get the opportunity to create an independent Armenian state. The only way that these lands be Armenian, Dasnaks found in armed clashes. Therefore in different regions of North and South Azerbaijan, the Armenian organizations, local government armed Armenians and incited them in war against Azerbaijanis.
After thorough preparation Armenians committed an act of massacre in the first days of February 1905 in Baku; very soon unrest in Yerevan became massive. Nakhichevan, Zangezur subjected to an attack of the Armenian armed forces. They destroyed villages, burn, killed with sword the innocent people. They local population had to leave the ancestral residence, turned to refugees. In one news from Yerevan it is said: “From each side corpses are brought to graveyard. Most of them are Muslims. The number of dead and wounded is increasing. All day the fire sounds are heard. A bomb was blown on a house of one Tartar, 24 people were died and wounded. In Tepebashi settlement the home of Tartars were bombed, many people have been killed. There are many killed in Zangi Valley. The Azerbaijanis are afraid to come on the streets. Many of them have left the city. “. The aim was to make them to leave the city. “Armenian case” was usually resolved in this way at the beginning of the XX century. Not only in the city of Yerevan but in all the towns of the province, where Azerbaijanis lived, the situation was same. In one news given by head of Echmiadzin province it is said: “800 Toros Armenians attacked a Muslim village. The village was destroyed. 53 people killed and burnt. 27 people were wounded. Grass piles, grain areas of 255 villages were burnt. The same news also read: Dasnaksutyun party although appealed to the people for reconciliation to both peoples, but hidden it was carrying out terrorist actions.”
In general, in the Armenian-Muslim clashes of years 1905-1906 Armenians razed to the ground more than 200 villages in Yerevan and Yelizavetpol provinces and the people subjected to genocide. “Dasnaqsutyun” party leaders sent instructions to all local organizations for settlement of
“Armenian case” and realize the “Great Armenia” dream, to destroy all Turk villages in Yerevan, Baku and Garabagh provinces, to clear these villages from the local population for once, that is, from Azerbaijanis.
In the “Bloody years” work of well-known writer M.S.Ordubadi dedicated to Armenian-Muslim massacres of 1905-1906 it is written: “On 9 June 1905, the Armenians attacked the village of Takiya, where Azerbaijanis lived. Muslims were completely unarmed but the Armenians were perfectly armed. Therefore, the inhabitants of the village had to leave the village, took their wife and children and left for the mountains. The big house of Akhund Mohammad Ali Mirza Abdulhuseyn Qazızade was set a fire, two hundred volumes of Quran and the holy books of Islam were also set in fire. Although 9 well-known Azerbaijani villages were destroyed in Echmiadzin, the government did not take any action. “
At the same time the destruction of the Azerbaijani villages was the desire of imperial government. And tsar officials was interested in oppressing of rising national movement by arranging the hostility and from other side resettling of emptied Moslem villages with Christians. On the same day Khalaj, Saldashy, Injavar, Dashnov villages were destroyed by the Armenians and the people were killed and tortured. Those who could escape sought refuge in the village Qatar. However, on August 1, 1906, the Armenians surrounded the village Qatar and opened a fire from all sides.
After Armenian chauvinists destroyed Qatar village consisting of 750 houses, 3.500 people, they devastated Turk villages located on the banks of the river Okhju, and the key to Zangezur Okhju, Shabadin, Araliq, Atqız and Pirdavdan villages have been looted.
All these events was an essence of the severe policy carried out by the “Dasnaksutyun” and “Hnchak» parties in the way of realization of “Great Armenia” dream. To get the “Armenia without Turks” became the slogan of these parties by using nationalism, the great brutality.
The horror of Muslim massacre had covered all the Caucasus, Iran and Eastern Anatolia. On this occasion, the Governor of Ganja informed on August 9, 1907 to Petersburg that he had sent about “one hundred thousand’ troops against the poor Muslim villagers and refugees from Turkey and local people who used to kill, almost all of them joined the army.
In general, there was not a single village in the 18 districts of Western Azerbaijan that stayed aside from the Armenian aggression. Since the late XIX century, there were 154 villages in district Daralayaz, from which 45 villages have been razed to the ground in 1905 and 1907. And the population of other villages escaped to Iran, Azerbaijan and Nakhchivan. 200 people were killed on the roads from Armenian shootings.
Massacres of 1914-1920 years
Since the early of XX century history of the Armenian chauvinism began to implement well thought-out planned genocide. “The tendency of arrived Armenian” since the beginning of the XX century could achieve its goal by the problems that might emerged based on inter-nations conflict, planned by the Tsarist Russia and the Bolshevik ideology.
At the first years of the century the Armenian chauvinists realizing the bloody massacres, terrors in Azerbaijan for the first time in 1905-1907 carried out the local policy of genocide and deportation in order to realize the principles “Great Armenia” and “From sea to sea state”. In those years, in Yerevan, Goycha, Zangezur districts of the Western Azerbaijan, as well as in Ganja, Garabagh and other regions one of the main goals of the Armenian nationalists and tsarist Russia was radical cleansing policy. We express regretfully that the mass genocide committed against our nation by the Armenians and the deportation policy was the first but not last.
The Armenians created 3 divisions for killing of Azerbaijanis living in the Western Azerbaijan (Armenia) and Nakhichevan. After Bourgeois Russian revolution in February (1917) the position of Russia worsened the fronts. 250 thousand Armenian volunteers fought in Russian Army finally became scattered after the counterattacks of Turkish army against the Russian army, became cut-throat gangs and as a result Turkish-Muslim genocide was weakened. Because the united commandment was at the command of the Russian army, but also Armenian forces were divided. However, Armenians developed new plans for implementation of “Great Armenia” dream. According to this plan it was necessary to establish first of all, the state without Turks. For this purpose, the Armenians were not sufficed with small gangs to kill Azerbaijanis and decided to set the regular Army. To this end, in May 1917, they sent a delegation to then the head of the Russian Provisional Government Kerenski, and he was asked to permit to establish the new Army from the Armenian volunteers, being in the structure of the Russian army and to reinforce fight against the Turks.
The Armenians also required weapons from the temporary government. Kerenski fulfilled the request of the Armenians, and had met their requirements. After that, the Armenians created a unit of 35 thousand troops in May 1917. General T. Nazarian was appointed as corps commander, and Dro Qanian as deputy commander. The coprs was divided into 3 divisions. Distribution of areas among divisions was made. It was defined which division should kill Azerbaijanis in regions:
- General Andronik in Nakhchivan, Sisian, Zangezur and mountainous parts of the Garabagh region;
- General Arisian and Dro Qanian in Yerevan, around the Irevan, Zangibasar, Echmiadzin and part of the district Vedibasar, Quruduzlu and Daralayaz, Qamarli zones;
- Colonel Silikov-Silikian should kill Azerbaijanis around the lake Goycha. These villains began to act under this plan.
The favorable conditions were established in the South Caucasus after World War I to carry out the insidious plans of Armenians. From Turkey a great number of Armenians was shifted to Yerevan province, Garabagh and Zangezur together with the Armenian military forces. Of course, the Armenians living in the Western territories of Azerbaijan, as in the XVIII-XIX centuries, used to drive out local Azerbaijanis by various means. It was not accidental that till March 1918, 199 Azerbaijani villages were destroyed in the Yerevan province. Namely after this process the establishment of the Armenian state on the territory of Yerevan province and further land claims of Armenians to Azerbaijani lands began. The colonial policy pursued by the Russian tsarism in corners of the empire although facilitated the activity of Armenians, in particular, the terrorist organization “Dasnaksutyun», but the Armenian chauvinists could provide inclusion of “Armenian case” in European political circles. Moreover the Armenian dasnaks gathered in Baku developed a tactics for the creation of “Great Armenia”.
Of course, these processes were consistent and well thought out. That is, after February bourgeois revolution in Russia the Bolsheviks and dasnaks in Baku began to act together. This approach, first of all aimed to prevent “Musavat” party from coming on power and to carry out next genocide against the Azerbaijanis.
Even at All-Caucasian meetings held by in 1917 by the Armenians they began clearly sound the territorial claims against Georgians and Azerbaijanis. At that year the Armenian nationalists raised the question on “newcomers’ (elats) at the peasant deputies’ congress which was held in Tbilisi, and proposed to re-divide the South Caucasus from the administrative point of view, put forward the idea of separation of Yelizavetpol (Ganja) province into two separate administrative units. In these proposals for the first time the Armenians offered to establish province Qanri, which includes mountainous part of Yelizavetpol province, Garabagh and Zangezur. Thus, the Armenian dasnaks by making noise about the new administrative division of the South Caucasus, first of all province Ganja so had drawn the contours of the map of “Great Armenia”.
At “National Armenian conference” held in Tbilisi in October, 1917 the voiced opinions and the mood led very soon to aggravation of the Armenian-Georgian and Armenian-Azerbaijanis relations. Armenian historians like O. Minasian and others although referred reasons of that on the Georgian media, in particular, on the Turks and Azerbaijanis, but the fact the main guilty in the political-military confrontation in the South Caucasus in the same period was Armenian dashnaks, was proved by proofs and documents. However, the Bolsheviks’ policy of cheating of nations as with the equal rights of nations, actions of Lenin in December 1917, which created the conditions for the realization of plans of the Armenians (S. Shaumian’s appointment as Caucasus Emergency Commissioner), had further activated them.
During this period, the domestic and foreign policy in South Caucasus, including the issue of borders occupied one of the most important places in series of talks and agreements at the end of 1917, early of 1918 (Erzinjan, Trabzon, Brest-Litovsk, Batum). However, the Armenians, ignoring the agreements began the terror and violence with the armed forces in the territory of Azerbaijan, in particular, in Yerevan and Nakhichevan and Zangezur regions. Since December 1917, the Armenian armed forces attacked on villages Umudlu, Garalar, Sirkhavend, Buruj, Chyraqly, etc. and people were forced to obey dasnaks. The collection of various taxes from Azerbaijanis, theft of goods and cattle turned to be the regular case. In December 1917, Armenian armed robber bands, entered the homes of residents in Yerevan, Zangezur, Nakhchivan and Garabagh, as well as placing guards in the gates, required them to obey.
Deportation of Azerbaijanis from the Armenian SSR
During World War II the Armenian Dashnak leaders including Mikoyan “had acted tow sided for “Great Armenia” idea. On the one hand, they believed in Hitler’s victory in the Transcaucasus and offered him the establishment of 2 states – the Armenian and Georgian states here. At the same time they wanted to annex the lands of Azerbaijan. But on the other hand, if the victory will be on the Soviet Union side, they mad a plan to annex Turkey’s Kars province and adjacent areas to Armenia. In both cases they attempted to deport Azerbaijanis from Transcaucasia to Central Asia and Siberia.
The first step in this plan was reflected in Tehran (28XI-01XII1943) of Allied Forces. The Armenians could make them to achieve agreement on resettlement of Armenians abroad to Soviet Armenia.
The purpose was to annex lands from Turkey and to deport Azerbaijanis from Armenia and replace them with Armenians living abroad. The Armenians influenced on the Soviet government in order to achieve the first purpose.
The Soviet government issued a Note to the Republic of Turkey (1945) and demanded the above-mentioned area (26.4 sq km) and control of the Straits. This situation might cause World War III between the Soviet Union and Turkey. Stalin seeing the great danger refused this demand. Thus, the Armenians have failed in this goal. When to get lands from Turkey became a difficult issue Armenians turned their face to Soviet Azerbaijan. In November 1945, the Armenian Communist Party secretary G. Arutyunov in his letter to Stalin requested him to give Garabagh to the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. Stalin directed that letter to K.M.Malenkov and he in turn send to the leadership of Azerbaijan. In response to that letter Mirjafar Bagirov stated that Azerbaijan does not object to this proposal, provided that the Armenian SSR, Georgian SSR and Dagestan ASSR should return to Azerbaijan SSR the territories of compact living of Azerbaijanis and adjacent territories, which once were historical parts of Azerbaijan (Zangezur, Goycha, Borchali, Derbent, and etc.). Thus, the next attempt of Armenians failed.
After failed attempt to unite Garabagh with the Armenian SSR the Soviet government decided on the organization of resettlement of Armenians living abroad to Soviet Armenia in November 1945, taking into account the application of Soviet Armenia. As a result of first propaganda 130 thousand Armenians were shifted to Soviet Armenia. The foreign Armenian organizations (“Hnchak”, “Ramkavar” parties, All-Armenian Union of Chary) spent $ 1 million fro this resettlement. At 1st migration course more than 90 thousand Armenians (50.9 thousand in 1946, 35.4 thousand in 1947) resettled here. For political purposes the Soviet Armenian government deliberately delayed their accommodation. They had to wait for weeks at the railway stations. They used a pretext as if there were no conditions for displaced persons. So, the government of Armenia found the solution in deportation of Azerbaijanis. And Moscow agreed on Armenian reckless scheme. On December 23, 1947, on behalf of USSR Council of Ministers Stalin adopted a decision No 4083 “On resettlement of collective farmers and other Azerbaijani population from the Armenian SSR to Kur-Araz lowland of Azerbaijan SSR”. On February 2, 1948 the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR adopted a decision on the relevant resettlement.
To clarify the above-mentioned decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in March 10, 1948 the second decision was adopted. As there was no introduction and explanation in previous decision. However, the decisions of the government of the USSR, as well as government of Azerbaijan were non-objective decisions and were not in conformity with real truth and existing then circumstances.
In decision of December 23, 1947 it was stated that in the years 1948-1950, on the “voluntary” basis 100 thousand collective farmer living in the Armenian SSR and other Azerbaijani population to be resettled in the Azerbaijan SSR to Kur-Araz lowland. Thus, following deportation of the Azerbaijani population from the West Azerbaijan began. This deportation was 7th deportation and massacre of Azerbaijani population of the West Azerbaijan in the last two centuries (1828,1856,1878,1905-1907,1918-1920,1937-1938,1948-1953). As a result of this massacre and deportation 150,000 people from the Armenian SSR was scattered in Kur-Araz lowland of Azerbaijan SSR and hardly in other regions. As a result, 50,000 people were killed. And after Stalin’s death 50,000 people returned to their destroyed homes and could restore their livings in ancient motherlands. This event was also a part of the next genocide.
For the years 1948-1953-the “voluntary” resettlement was to be carried out in three phases: the first phase- 1948-1950, in 1951-1952 Phase II, and III Phase in 1953. The initial results of the first phase failed. The majority of the population, especially the elderly and the children moved Mughan got in mass various infectious diseases and mass mortality occurred due to the weather and poor living conditions. Knowing this fact the Azerbaijani population that was not driven out was in desperate situation. Disadvantaged population requested to settle them in the mountainous regions of Azerbaijan, in particular, in Nagorno-Qarabagh, but they could not achieve it..
However, some villages of Pambak area, Baran district (Noyemberyan) Lambali, Korpulu, etc with difficulty could get permission for settlement in the Kazakh region of Azerbaijan SSR.
But the people were accommodated in tents and wagons in Jeyran Chol. Many displaced persons, used to dig ground and make shelter as sheep but living environment was very miserable. The government was unable to arrange a new settlement. The population had to scatter to villages of Borchalı and Kazakh. Even some people went back to their villages in Armenia. However, the state inventoried their homes and distributed to Armenians arriving from abroad. Even the owners of the empty houses were not allowed in. The population of the Lambali village of Noyemberyan region had built temporary homes and lived there until the death of Stalin. Only after a letter of response from Khrushov Lambali people were accommodated into empty homes.
But the fate of Azerbaijani scattered in Borchali villages was more miserable. In the autumn of 1951 they were deported to Kazakhstan in trains. In connection with the resettlement then leaders of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (M.J.Bagırov, T. Guliyev, N. Heydarov) fell in deadlock. The level of economic and cultural life of the Azerbaijani people at that time was much lower level compared to other Transcaucasian republics. To resettle 100,000 people within a short time was not easy problem. But it was the will of “father of nations” – Stalin.
During the last years of the power of N. Khrushov the “Great Armenia” idea was put forward in an agenda of Soviet administration at the initiative of Mikoyan. Misusing the agriculture policy of Khrushov- the policy of the USSR on the division of economic regions, Mikoyan suggested that the unification of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic to Armenian SSR was important for development of the economy in Armenian SSR and Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. Khrushsov gave this proposal to the discussion of the Azerbaijani intelligentsia and as a result this attempt was unsuccessful.
Some stability was formed in Armenia in relation to Azerbaijanis living there. At the same time sharp and just actions against the pro-Stalinist leaders of the Republic increased the responsibility and any extremist movement was prevented. However, as the 50th anniversary of “METS YEGERN” so called “Great genocide” of the Armenians became closer, the territorial claims, bad attitude to Turks began to increase. In particular, after the Crimea was unified with the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic the extremists demands rose here in a wide scale.
During 1962-1963 when issues in connection with applications sent to Moscow with land claims to Azerbaijan and Turkey were discussed at the Bureau of Communist Party of Armenia at secret conversations such facts were revealed that the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR A.I.Mikoyan had raised a question of unification of Nagorno-Qarabagh Autonomous Oblast with the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic before N.S.Khrushov, and in the response Khrushov said that the he can provide sufficient number of military vehicles and to order for resettlement of Armenians from Nagorno-Qarabagh to Armenia just during one night. Of course, such a sharp reaction had an impact.
However, the disposal of N.S.Khrushov from power in 1964 broke a temporary silence. The preparatory works for marking of the 50th anniversary of so called event”METS YEGERN” were intensified. By holding this event the aim of Dashnak party and other reactionary-nationalist parties operating in foreign countries coincides with activity of the leadership of the Armenian SSR, and propaganda work carried out on both sides focused on this goal. Thus, it is claimed that the Turkish government and people should bear responsibility for this “genocide” and ancient eternal Armenian lands are to be re-united and the “Great Armenia” state should be established.
The idea of annexing of Bogdanovka region of Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, as well as the bordering regions, the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic and the Nagorno-Qarabagh Autonomous Oblast, a great part of the Republic of Turkey – Ardahan, Trabzon, Kars, Bitlis, Van provinces to Armenia was sounded both at the official circles of Armenia, as well as the by people, and resolutions, appeals were adopted in this regard. In all the labor collectives, kolkhoz and sovkhoz, universities and secondary schools, even at primary classes such campaigns are held, and appeals to hold 50th anniversary of “METS YEGERN” with unity and unanimity of the Armenian people at a high level are sounded, films inspiring a feeling of hate against the Turks are demonstrated and books were published. In mass media the wisdom of the Armenian people, idea that the neighboring nations were migrants and non-aboriginal is propagated and articles are published and radio and TV programs were organized.
By the way it should be noted that in 1965 a secret army of Armenian terror “ASALA” was already formed. Even the command of the organization had prepared a plan to arrange massacre of Turks on April 24 for 50th anniversary of “METS YEGERN» and 100th anniversary of birthday of “people hero” Ozanian Andronik (April 24, 1965). According to plan’s program, on April 24, armed groups had to attacked Azerbaijani villages in Armenia and kill the civilian population in mass. At the same time, the destructive action at the borders of Turkey, attacks and massacres were planned, too. At that time the radio and television should relay the information to all over the world, as if armed Azerbaijanis attacked Armenian villages and to help them Turkish army broke the border and attacked Soviet border guards. By this plan “ASALA” hoped that the Soviet Army will join the conflict and using this suitable moment Armenia could get lands from Turkey – Kars, Ardahan, Igdir provinces, etc.
Vigilant on this point of the plan the people sent telegrams to Moscow from Georgia and Azerbaijan. The state was forced to take emergency action. In all Armenian and Azerbaijani villages the militia and guards, soldiers were deployed and the army was given the task to be vigilant. The Armenians were forced to leave this offensive plan. However, as mentioned above, in Lenin Square in Yerevan the rally was held. When the order from military unit came on leaving the Square, the demonstrators headed by the priest Vazgen had taken off their shoes and marched to Echmiadzin Church (more than 30 km of road). In the next days, especially on 23-24-25 April of 1965, the actions reached its highest point. The Armenian population of the city of Yerevan went on streets, and moved to place of erection of “Genocide” memorial in the memory of the victims so called “genocide”. Together with the cathalicos the leaders of republic also marched to the memorial. Symbolic coffin covered with black cloth was carried on the heads of the mass and the slogans with words “Great Armenia”, “To return territories to Armenia!”, “Revenge!” were carried out.
After this event, the Azerbaijani population of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic begun to be suppressed, especially in Yerevan, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Gafan Azerbaijanis were assaulted and insulted in buses, markets, public places.
Azerbaijanis (in particular, from Gugark region) had warned Moscow with application, telegrams, but also sent a representative. Thus, the complaint of the Azerbaijanis was discussed at Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Soviet CP; “the state of international education” in Gugark region was reviewed and recommendations to improve international education were given. But no one was punished at the Republican level. Only the first secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Armenia Y. Zarobian was dismissed and in February 1966 was appointed as Deputy Minister of the Electrical Industry of the USSR. The terrible life of Azerbaijanis living in Armenia remained as it was
Unfortunately, 9 deportation and genocide actions committed by Armenians for many years due to adventurous policy of tsarist Russia and the USSR against Azerbaijani Turks living in Western Armenia could not get its political evaluation on a global scale.
After being defeated in struggle with Turkey and Azerbaijan for purposes of land annexation the Armenians had to change their tactics. One of the ways of this struggle was terrorism with the old tactics, and the other collection the money for “Great Armenia” idea. It should be noted that the Armenian Dashnak party is the only party on the Earth that gives the place to terrorism in its charter. And they achieve certain goals with terrorism.
And money for “Poor Armenian people” is collected from the donations of the Armenian Diaspora abroad, and those Armenians living in the USSR.
In addition, money is collected from various social organizations in the USSR (the protection of historical monuments, environmental protection, etc.) on behalf of the various public organizations. And those Armenians that refused to pay for “Great Armenia”, were punished. It is confirmed with events in Sumgait in February 28-29, 1988 and the events of January 13-17, 1990 in Baku. In the actions prepared by the Armenians the Armenians that did not pay for “Great Armenia” fund were killed, as well as the investigation determined that the actions were committed by the Armenians, with the consent of Moscow.
The money collected was deposited in foreign banks in the name of the Echmiadzin Church. In 1965, while marking the 50th anniversary of false “Armenian genocide” Armenians openly announced that 40 billion U.S dollars was collected for the “Great Armenia” idea. They did acknowledge that the purpose of money collecting is to get “Armenian” lands from Turkey and Iran (mean South Azerbaijan). Just with this money dashnaks had set a terrorist Armenian army “ASALA” .
In the Soviet Union the first activities of “ASALA” was Moscow metro explosion, theft of weapons from military warehouse in Armenia, the Armenian pogroms in Sumgait and Baku, the pogroms of Ahiska Turks in Uzbekistan under the leadership of the responsible USSR Prosecutor’s Office employee Gdlyan, Masis and Guqark massacres and other facts can be mentioned.
The most terrible genocide committed by Armenians is in Guba. In 2007, while the excavation works for stadium repair carried out in the city cemetery the mass graves were found and works were canceled, experts were involved. Excavation works are still continuing.
It was proved that the bones found in Guba graveyard are the bones of the victims of the genocide committed by Armenians in 1918. March Events or March genocide taken place in the period between March 30 – April 3, 1918 in different regions of the city of Baku and the Baku province, as well as in Shamakhi, Khachmaz, Lankaran, Hajigabul, Salyan, Zangezur, Karabakh, Nakhchivan, committed by Baku Soviet and Dashnak Armenian armed forces, is the massacre committed against Azerbaijanis. The largest massacre in the regions was committed in Guba province. The commander of the Dashnak groups sent in Guba in April, Hamazasp said: “I am the hero of the Armenian people and its defender. I was ordered to kill al Moslems in the area from the Caspian Sea to Shahdagh”. The Dashnak troops led by him burned 122 villages in Guba. And local peoples were killed with many brutalities. Even Armenians took the eyes of the people and made from it the “amulet”.
During the genocide committed by Armenian nationalists 30 thousand people were killed. According to official sources, as a result of the genocide 12 thousand Azerbaijanis were killed, tens of thousands of people missed. By an order of the National leader of Azerbaijan President Heydar Aliyev, dated March 26, 1998 March 31 is marked as the Day of Genocide of Azerbaijanis.
Brief chronology of Armenian occupation
The Armenians put forward territorial claims from the date of their resettlement to the territory of Azerbaijan and committed unbelievable invasions, but since early of XX century these invasions had a higher scale. Chronology of the historical tragedies is brought to your attention:
Brief chronology of aggression of Armenians:
May 29, 1918. Parliament of Azerbaijan (National Council) as a result of durable pressure of Entente countries made a decision to cede Irevan to Armenia.
(Fatali Khan Khoyski reports to National Council of the Azerbaijan on the issue. Kh. Khasmammadov, M.Y.Jafarov, A.Shiekhulislamov, M. Maharramov had a speech and stated impossibility of compromise of the city of Yerevan to the Armenians. Two days later, members of the National Council Mir Hidayat Seyidov, Bagir Rzayev and Nariman bay Narimanbeyov protested on giving of Yerevan to Armenians. However, at meeting held on June 1 the National Council of Azerbaijan does not accept this objection. At the same time the meeting decided to send a delegation to the city of Yerevan regarding comprising of city”
According to protocol of the meeting of the National Council dated May 29, 1918, from 28 listed people 20 voted for this decision and 1 against, and 3 were neutral. )
December 1, 1920. A large portion of Zangezur region was given to Armenia by decision of authorities in Moscow.
July 7, 1923. Daglyg Garabagh was given a status of autonomous region according to decision of
authorities in Moscow.
September 18, 1923. Name of Khankendi was changed to “Stepanakert”.
February 18, 1929. Based on decision of authorities in Moscow the territory of 657 sq.km belonged to Nakhchyvan Autonomous Republic – Gurdbulag, Goradiz, Ogbun, Almaly, Itgyran, Sultanbey,
Garseven, Kilid and other villages, as well as Nuvedi village of Zangilan region and forest lands of 4400 ha of Gazakh region were given to Armenia.
1930. Based on decision of authorities in Moscow some settlements of Nakhchyvan, such as Eldere,
Lekhvaz, Astazur and others, were given to Armenia and these areas formed Megri region.
1938. According to decision of authorities in Moscow the part of territories of villages Sadarak and Kerki of Nakhchyvan were given to Armenia.
November 28, 1945. Kh.Arutyunov, leader of Armenia appealed to Stalin with a request to annex
Daglyg Garabagh to Armenia.
1947-1953. According to decision of government of USSR over than 150 thousand Azerbaijani living densely in Armenia were moved to Azerbaijan.
1969. Part of territories of Garagel of Lachin region, Chayzemi of Gubadly region, village Kemerli of Gazakh region, territory of Zod goldfield of Kelbajar region were given to Armenia based on decision of authorities in Moscow.
1970. By decision of authorities in Moscow the summer pastures Injedere, part of territories of villages Kemerli, Aslanbeyli, Gaymagly of Gazakh region were given to Armenia.
1971. Territory of 2500 ha of Gazakh region by decision of authorities in Moscow was given to Armenia.
June 15, 1988. Supreme Soviet of Armenia adopts a decision on annexation of Daglyg Garabagh to
December 25, 1988. Deportation of over 250 thousand Azerbaijani from Armenia is mainly completed.
December 1, 1989. Supreme Soviet of Armenia adopts a decision on annexation of Daglyg Garabagh to Armenia.
January 18, 1990. Armed forces of Armenia occupied the village of Kerki of Nakhchyvan Autonomous Republic.
August 20, 1990. Armed forces of Armenia occupied village of Baganis Ayrim of Gazakh region. 5
villagers were burn alive in their own houses.
August 8, 1991. By order of authorities of Armenia the last Azerbaijani village in Armenia – Nuvedi has been devastated and population were beaten and expelled from Armenia.
January 15, 1992. The village of Kerkijahan was occupied.
February 10, 1992. Villages of Gushchular and Malybeyli were occupied.
February 13-17, 1992. Village of Garadagly of Khodjavend region was occupied.
February 25-26, 1992. Armenian bandit groupings together with 366 regiment of Russian army attacked and devastated the town of Khodjaly, fulfillng unseen genocide.
March 8, 1992. The village of Kheyrimli of Gazakh region was occupied.
March 12, 1992. Village Ashagy Eskipara of Gazakh region was occupied.
March 12, 1992. There were occupied the villages of Daglyg Garabagh: Syrkhavend, Garashlar,
Beshirler, Bash Guneypeye, Orta Guneypeye, Khatynbeyli, Manikli.
April 7, 1992. Agdaban village of Kelbajar region was occupied and put on fire.
April 27, 1992. Sofulu village of Gazakh region was occupied.
May 8, 1992. Shusha was occupied by armed forces of Armenia.
May 11, 1992. Village of Gyzyl Hajyly of Gazakh region was occupied.
May 18, 1992. Armed forces of Armenia occupied Lachyn.
June 8, 1992. Village of Eskipara of Gazakh region was occupied.
December 10-12, 1992. Occupation forces of Armenia captured village of Shayifly, Seyidler, Erkend, Bereli, Gazanchy, Gyungyshlaq, Pirveyisli, Janbar, Yukhary Gayaly of Gubadly and Zangilan regions.
March 27-28, 1993. Villages of Aggaya, Merjimek, Tezekend, Agjakend and Naryshlar of Kelbajar
region were occupied.
April 2, 1993. Armenia’s armed forces occupied Kelbajar region.
June 12-15, 1993. Villages of Aliagali, Alimamedli, Galaychylar were occupied.
June 25, 1993. Villages of Boyahmedli, Papravend of Agdam region were occupied.
June 26, 1993. Armenians occupied town of Agdere.
July 4, 1993. Villages of Arysh, Gochahmedly, Garajaly, Khatynbulag and Gorazilli of Fizuli region were occupied.
July 5, 1993. Shelli village of Agdam region was occupied.
July 21, 1993. Villages Muganly and Shykhbabaly of Agdam region were occupied.
July 22, 1993. Villages Merzili, Novruzlu, Yusifjanly, Giyasly, Khydyrly, Saryjaly and Muradbeyli of Agdam region were occupied.
July 23, 1993. Armenia’s armed forces occupied Agdam.
July 24, 1993. Village Juvarly of Fizuli region was occupied by armed forces of Armenia.
August 15, 1993. Villages of Ashagy Veyselli, Yukhary Yaglyvend of Fizuli region and villages Sur, Banazur, Gushchular and Gyshlag of Jebrail region were occupied.
August 23, 1993. Armed forces of Armenia occupied Fizuli.
August 23, 1993. Armed forces of Armenia occupied Jebrail.
August 31, 1993. Armed forces of Armenia occupied Gubadly.
October 28, 1993. Minjivan settlement of Zangilan region was occupied.
October 29, 1993. Armed forces of Armenia occupied Zangilan.