Consequences of the conflict


As a result of military aggression of the Republic of Armenia Nagorno-Karabakh of Republic of Azerbaijan, and adjacent 7 administrative regions came under occupation.

The occupied territories of Azerbaijan in 1988-1993:

Nagorno-Karabakh: occupation dates – 1988-1993, the area of 4400 sq. km. (Shusha, Khankendi, Khojaly, Askeran, Khojavend, Agdara);

Lachin: occupation dates occupied History – May 17, 1992, territory – 1875 sq km;

Kelbajar region: occupation dates – April 2, 1993, territory – 1936 sq km

Aghdam region: occupation dates – July 23, 1993, territory – 1154 sq km;

Jabrail region: occupation dates – August 23, 1993, territory – 1050 sq km;

Fizuli region: occupation dates – August 23, 1993, territory – 1139 sq km;

Gubadly region: occupation dates – August 31, 1993, the area – 826 sq km;

Zangilan region: occupation dates – October 30, 1993, the area – 707 sq. km.

So, as a result of the aggression of Armenia 20% of the Azerbaijani territory was occupied, more than 20 thousand people perished, over 50 thousand wounded and became the invalids, More than 1 million people became victims of ethnic cleansing and  genocide policy of Armenia against Azerbaijanis living as refugees and IDP-s, were deprived of elementary human rights.

As a result of the occupation of more than 900 villages were plundered and burned and destroyed, 6 thousand industrial and agricultural enterprises and other facilities have been destroyed, 150 thousand  residential buildings with total living space of more than 9 million m2 were destroyed, and 4366 social and cultural objects, at the same time 695 medical centers were destroyed.

Agricultural area in the occupied territories, water, agriculture, hydro-technical facilities, all transportation and communication lines were completely destroyed. As a result of destruction economy lost more than $ 60 billion in damage.

927 libraries, 464 historical monuments and museums, and more than 100 archeological monuments, 6 state theaters and concert studios were destroyed in Azerbaijani territories seized during the occupation and military aggression. More than 40 valuable items and unique exhibits were plundered and stolen from museums. Thus, the regional museum of history of Kelbajar was razed to the ground and rare gold and silver jewelry of the last centuries; woven carpets from the exhibits of the museum were taken to Armenia. History museum in Shusha, Agdam Bread museum, the Museum of stone monuments in Zangilan had the same fate. It is impossible to assess in money the value of stolen and destroyed historical and cultural resources. In other words, the Republic of Armenia severe violates the provisions of Hague Convention “On protection of cultural values during armed conflicts” and the Paris Convention on “The illegal trafficking of cultural resources” and continues to loot Azerbaijani cultural wealth.

Resolutions 822, 853, 874, 884 of the United Nations Security Council adopted in 1993 despite the  the recognition of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and the unconditional liberation of the occupied Azerbaijani territories were required,  Republic of Armenia to this day continues policy of occupation.

Armenian military forces at the occupied territories

Tank  316

Artillery units 322

ACV 324

Personal staff – 40 000

İllegally settled population in the occupied territories:

Nagorno-Karabakh, 8, 500

Lachin 13 000

Kalbajar 700

Zangilan 520

Jabrayil 280

In total 23 000

Nagorno-Garabagh and adjacent territories, including 1 village of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, 80 villages of Aghdam region, 54 villages of Fizuli region, 13 villages of Tartar region and 6 villages of Gazakh region are still under occupation.

Grave consequences of the conflict


Daghlig Garabagh and adjacent administrative regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan – Lachin, Kelbajar, Gubadli, Zangilan, Jebrayil, Agdam (regional center and a large part of the territory) and Fizuli (regional center and a large part of the territory) were occupied by Armenia from 1989 to 1993.

At present, Armenians transgressed a total of 558 km of the state border – the 198 km Azerbaijani-Iranian border from Horadiz settlement of the Fizuli region to the borders of the Zangilan region, and 360 km Azerbaijani-Armenian border. These territories are now under complete control of the Armenian military forces. Armenian forced destroyed buildings, outposts, frontier posts and demarcation lines from the USSR period along the border. The occupied areas along the Azerbaijani-Iranian borders are currently used for uncontrolled smuggling and sometimes for transportation of drugs. Construction materials for residential and public building and cut forest trees are transported from the occupied regions of Azerbaijan through the seized borders to Iran by Armenia.

Other from that, the Kerki settlement of Sadarak region in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, Ashagi Akipara, Yukhari Askipara, Gushchu Ayrim, Barkhudarli settlements of Gazakh region and other ones situated at the Azerbaijan-Armenia border were destroyed and occupied.

The occupation of these villages represents a serious danger to the water reservoir, which was built on the Agstafa River and is of a high economic importance for the western regions of Azerbaijan. Irrigation canals with a length of 72.3 km supply 120 million cubic meters of water from the Agstafa reservoir to agricultural areas in the foothills, and to the settlements of Gazakh, Agstafa, Tovuz and Shamkir administrative regions.

As you can see, the rare and valuable mineral deposits have spread over the occupied region. Copper and zinc resources are concentrated in the Mehmana deposit place in western part of the Minor Caucasus. Explored ore resources are ready for the exploitation in this area. Mercury resources of industrial significance are in Shorbulag and Agyatag of Kelbejer region.

Occupied regions are rich in different types of building materials, which are of great importance for Azerbaijan industry and building. Large resources of such materials are found in Chobandag located in the territory of Agdam region (lime resources are 140 million ton and clays are 20 million ton); Shahbulag (25 million ton of clays resources); Boyahmedi (45 million ton of clays resources) and other deposits. Large building stone deposits are in Hankendi, and the marble is in Harovdad.

There are more than 120 different compositions mineral water deposits of with high treatment capacity in the occupied areas. Among them are Yukhary (Upper) and Ashahy (Lower) Istisu, Bagyrsag, Keshdak in Kelbejer region; Iligsu, Minkend in Lachin region, Turshsu, Sirlan in Shusha region and other mineral waters attract particular attention. Istisu mineral water of Kelbajar region stands out particularly for the useful gas and chemical composition, high temperature, large natural resources. Its waters are useful both for the treatment of external and internal diseases.

A large resort and mineral waters packing factory were built on Istisu spring in the 80s. This factory produced 800 thousand litres a day. Turshsu (salt water) mineral spring is to 17 km of Shusha. Turshsu is used for different internal illnesses treatment, Shusha supply with the water through the water pipe. Turshsu and Isa springs for many centuries were the places where hold poetic and musical meetings of Karabakh.

It is significant that 39,9% of general geological resources of Azerbaijan mineral waters are located in the occupied areas.

For long years most of the enterprise located in Karabakh used fuel, raw materials and materials brought from Azerbaijan regions, many were the branches of Baku large-scale enterprises.

The former Daghlig Garabagh had the multilateral connections with Azerbaijan in the following directions:

1) Production cooperative relations – that is, merely production relations, including over feed-fuel sources; 2) commodity circulation; 3) material-technical equipment; 4) transport-cargo relations; 5) scientific-and-technical relations; 6) public administration relations; 7) cultural enlightener relations and others.

So, analyzing every demonstrated relations it is possible to create a real view of the close relations between Daghlig Garabagh and Azerbaijan in that period. It is enough to point out that 8% of all raw silk cocoon incoming to the Karabakh Hankendi large-scale Silk Industrial complex in 1985 were produced in Daghlig Garabagh. The rest 92% were brought from other Azerbaijan regions. In 1986 in the field of external economic relations Daghlig Garabagh export quota with Armenia Republic was 0,3%, import – 1,4%, the export with Azerbaijan came to 33,3%, and an import quota was much higher.

United transport-communication system, operating in the occupied territories for many years were destroyed because of Armenia aggression. Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic situated aside from Karabakh zone and blockaded by Armenia suffers from this destruction very much.

With relation to transport-communication system Daghlig Garabagh territory are a far away from the capital of Armenia Yerevan and other large economic centers; the mountainous roads connected them are not suitable for cargo transportation because of natural disasters.

So, all currently occupied by Armenia regions have been closely related with Azerbaijan. Transport-communication system, tendency to common economy formed the base of these relations. Consequently there no any basis for the territorial claims of the Armenians only based on their national self-determination principles directed to Daghlig Garabagh which from the social-economic point of view is inseparable part of Azerbaijan

Invaders regarding Azerbaijan as their property destroyed the important historical monuments in Shusha which was the historical capital of Karabakh, destructed national architecture, and rebuild them as they want.

In Azerbaijan Lachin corridor in the view of military engineering are hold completely new construction works.

Occupation of Azerbaijan lands and making there all wishful changes is not acceptable from the contemporary international law point of view. With relation to international law all resources in this area continue to be a property of Azerbaijan. This property only temporarily considers to be occupied and undoubtedly it must be return to its legal owner which is Azerbaijan.

All this confirms that the Daghlig Garabagh conflict which is presented as the efforts of national minorities for free definition of their fate has no any legal, social-economic base.

Water problem solving is of great importance for Azerbaijan today. Since Azerbaijan is considered as a droughty region the development of irrigative agriculture, providing the cities and villages with water is a vitally important for the country. Close river network in the occupied mountains of the Small Caucasus are of great importance for the water resources forming in the Republic. The rivers taken their sources from these mountains, particular related to the Kura right branch Terter, Hakari, Hachinchay, Kondelenchay and others supply with large quantities of water the low-lying regions, the artificial lakes and irrigation canal are built on some of their. One of the complexes used in irrigation and receiving the electric energy is Terter hydrocomplex. This complex was built in 1976 at the expense of given for Azerbaijan SSR investments. The blockade by Armenia these and others vital for Azerbaijan irrigative systems and water sources changed into the great threat source for our country.

Sarsang reservoir and power station built on this Tartar hydrocomplex are currently under the control of the Armenian military forces. Volume of Sarsang reservoir is 560 thousand cubic meter. Long-distance channels taken their sources from this reservoir irrigate 80,1 thousand hectareof the low-lying regions Terter, Agdam, Barda, Goranboy. At present because of the occupation of the canals by the Armenians the crops in the mentioned regions don’t yield a harvest.

Humanitarian disaster

felaketQaçqınlar və məcburi köçkünlər

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

250 thousand Azerbaijanis, who lived in the territory of Armenia through the time of history, were all deported to their native lands and took shelter in Azerbaijan as the result of the last ethnical cleansing, carried out by Armenians in 1988-1992s. At the same time 50 thousand Meskheti Turks, exiled from the Central Asia in 1990s, took shelter in Azerbaijan.

20% of Azerbaijan lands – Daghlig Garabagh and adjacent 7 regions were occupied; 700 thousand compatriots were deprived of permanent residence and became internal displaced persons, taking shelter in 62 towns and regions, and more than 1,600 living stations of the republic, in result of military aggression of Armenian armed forces against our country since 1988.

There are also 11 thousand persons, seeking for “refugee” status (shelter), in Azerbaijan. Majority of them is Russian citizens of Chechen origin, Afghans and persons from Iran, Irag, Palestine. Thus, there are about million refugees, internal displaced persons and people seeking to get “refugee” status (shelter) in Azerbaijan at present.

Nagorno-Garabagh and adjacent territories, including 1 village of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, 80 villages of Aghdam region, 54 villages of Fizuli region, 13 villages of Tartar region and 6 villages of Gazakh region are still under occupation.

Captives, hostages and missed persons

At a result of investigations carried out by the State Commission on prisoners of war, hostages, and missed persons  since early of 2006 till date the fate of  76 people registered as missed, was clarified and their names were removed from the list if missed persons. Thus by April 18, 2006 the number of captives, missed and hostages was 4600 peoples. From them 3696 are military, 904 civilians.

From civilians 52 were child (18 minor aged), 394 elders (179 elder women), 99 mid aged women, 359 mid aged men. The information was received about 883 persons from 4600 missed and captives and the evidences of witnesses were taken

1,381 people were released from captivity. 340 of them are women, 1041 men. At the same time 169 are children (65 minor aged), 286 elders (110 elder women), 164 mid aged woman and 775 mid aged men.

While analyzing the material received by the State Commission it was revealed that 451 peoples were killed at captivity or died at various reasons.  From them 86 were women, 365 men, and names of just 124 are known and 69 are unknown persons.

Persons killed in captivity

The facts, collected by the State Commission on prisoners of war, hostages and missed persons, prove that the international legal norms were ignored in relation with the captured citizens of Azerbaijan. The same applies to the requirements of the Geneva Convention “Regarding defense of war victims” of 1949, which concerns attempts upon life and dignity, any kinds of murders, rough treatment or torturing and disgracing. The massacre of peace population during Armenia’s military aggression, terrible physical and psychological tortures, forcing to suicide by means of merciless treatment and regular humiliation, cold-blooded killing and other actions against Azerbaijani prisoners of war, held in the Armenian Republic and occupied Daghlig Garabagh, are obvious evidences of that.


Some of these facts are as follows:

* Armenian military forces shot dead about 80 of 117 people, seized in the Garadaghli village during the Hodjavand occupation (17.02.1992). This was witnessed by village residents Seyyur Khanlar obglu Naghiyev, Shahruz Amirkhan oglu Aliyev and others.

* Hagigat Yusif gizi Huseynova, the resident of Garadaghli village, Khodjavand region, saw how Armenians burned 10 villagers alive on February 10, 1992.

* Urgent order was given from headquarters radio station (“GSM-7”) in Vardenis region of Armenia, to the central radio station in Kalbadjar region for all mobile radio stations during Armenian military forces’ large-scale attack to Kalbadjar region, Azerbaijan, on April 1, 1993. It was demanded to annihilate and burry all Azerbaijan citizens, who were seized captive, including elderly persons, women and children. This was aimed at hiding the traces of their barbarism towards Azerbaijanis, from international delegation and journalists which were visiting battle fields. The orders given by Armenian commanders were recorded by the Radio Intelligence Service of the Azerbaijan Republic Ministry of National Security on April 6, 1993.

* 15 peaceful residents of Bashlibel village were shot on the spot during the occupation of the Kalbadjar region.

* According to the evidences of the Ahmadovs family, released from Armenian captivity in 1994, Armenians shot about 25 civilians of Gadjar village, Fuzuli region, before their eyes.

* The Armenian Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared that 8 Azerbaijan prisoners of war were killed at attempt to flee on February 16, 1994. Professor Derek Paunder, the member of the International Law and Social Medicine Academy Presidium and British “Doctors for human rights” organization notified that Azerbaijan prisoners of war were killed in result of shot to temple with the same gun at a short distance and denied the idea that they were killed at attempt to flee at forensic medical examination, made over corpses in Baku.

Former prisoner of war Israyil Sarif oglu Ismayilov confirms that Armenians cut 3 Azerbaijanis’ heads off over an Armenian grave

Tortures over the captives

The documents concerning prisoners of war, hostages and missed people from Azerbaijan prove that Armenia has followed a policy of purposeful genocide against the captives and hostages. Hundreds of Azerbaijan citizens, including children, women and elderly persons suffered from the unbearable tortures in the Armenian captivity. Numerous facts show that the prisoners and hostages were subjected to a variety of brutal tortures. They were savagely beaten and intentionally turned into invalids, branded by the red-hot cross. Their nails and teeth were pulled out, the wounds were sprinkle with the salt, they were beat to the death by the rubber and iron bludgeons, the benzene was poured in their veins.